Introduction to Argentina

Tuesday, January 9th, 2007 at 12:00 am

ArgentinaArgentina is a country located in southern South America. In terms of land area, it ranks second in South America and eighth in the world.

The country occupies an area of about 2,766,890 km² (1,078,000 sq mi) that lies between the great Andes mountain range in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east and south.

Its borders are shared with Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast side, and Chile in the west and south side. The country also has a territorial claim over a portion of Antarctica where it has maintained a constant presence since 1904.

The fertile plains of the Pampas appropriately located at the center the country is the main source of Argentina’s agricultural wealth and is also known as the country’s main bread basket.

Argentina also has the flat to rolling, oil-rich plateau of Patagonia in the southern half down to Tierra del Fuego to be proud of. The cool grazing grounds of Patagonia support enormous flocks of sheep, and numerous fruit and vegetable farms can be found in the valleys. This part of Argentina also holds vast reserves of oil and coal.

Tierra del Fuego, also known as the "Land of Fire" is actually an archipelago that includes the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego which is being shared with neighboring Chile and numerous other smaller islands.

Northern Isla Grande is similar in terrain to those found in the Patagonia’s plains. The mountainous area in the south of this region is filled with forests and glaciers. The subtropical flats of the Gran Chaco in the north side of the country and bordered by the rugged Andes mountain range that separates

Argentina with Chile completes the make-up of this diversely fertile nation in South America. This parched area of the enormous Gran Chaco is a region that Argentina shares with Bolivia, Paraguay, and Brazil and is comprised mostly of grasslands and thorny forests.

The highest point above sea level in Argentina is Mt. Aconcagua which stands at 6,962 meters or 22,834 feet and is considered as the highest mountain in the Americas.

The lowest point on the other hand is the Laguna del Carbon in Santa Cruz that plunges down to 105 meters or 344 feet below sea level. This is also considered as the lowest point found on the whole South American continent. The geographic center of the country is located in south-central La Pampa province. It is in this part of the country that the nation’s capital, Buenos Aires can be found along with its beautiful world-class beaches.

Argentina’s capital is sometimes also known as the "Paris of South America", being one of the most sophisticated cities in the continent that is also known for its architecture, night life and being the center of cultural activity in the whole of Argentina.

Because of its geographical location, Argentina is blessed with a variety of climates. It enjoys a predominantly temperate climate with extremes ranging from subtropical in the northern parts to sub polar weather patterns in the far south of the country.

The northern part of the country is usually known for having very hot, humid weather in the summer and mild dry spells in the winter. This part of the country is also prone to periodic droughts.

The central regions of Argentina usually experience hot summers with thunderstorms and cool winters.

The southern regions of the country is blessed with warm summers and cold winters that arrive with heavy snowfall especially in the mountainous areas.

Argentina is blessed with rich natural resources and a highly literate population. Argentina has relied on its agricultural sector in order to fuel its economy.

It exports a variety of agricultural products that include soy, wheat, corn, oats, sunflower seeds and a wide . Cattle and dairy products also account as a major industry. Other products include oil, petrochemicals and natural gas which are also exported to other countries.