Introduction to Hungary

Monday, March 24th, 2008 at 12:00 am

Budapest Hungary is a country that lies in the Carpathian basin in the heart of Europe. Covering a relatively small area of 93,000 square kilometers, it is a landlocked nation, bordered on the north by Slovakia; on the north-east by Ukraine; on the east by Romania; on the south by Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia; and on the west by Austria. It has a population of only ten million people and is well-known for its capital city, Budapest.

Two-thirds of the country is flatland, the greatest single area being the Great Plain, or puszta, which sprawls across the eastern half of the country.  It is graciously designed by its baroque towns surrounded with ancient castles and fortresses. It also boasts various gifts of nature such as the Lake Balaton which is considered as one of Europe’s largest lakes.

Hungary’s capital, Budapest, is the largest city, and is also the cultural, economic and industrial center of Hungary. One-fifth of the country’s population is in this city. Other cities include Debrecen: agricultural region, Miskolc: the cradle of iron-and-steel and other metallurgical industries, Szeged: the shipping centre, Pécs: home of the oldest university of the country, and Györ: a traditional cultural centre of the Northern Trans-Danubian region.

The country is rich with its nine national parks spread around the country, the largest of which is the Hortobágy on the Great Plain. It has two major rivers – the Danube and the Tisza – and over a thousand natural springs.

Aside from its natural and industrial resources, the land also introduces a wealth of other activities such as a range of water sports, horse-riding, cycling and hiking. The land has also always been blessed as it has been a perfect place for viticulture and wine making. The land has been blessed by a wide variety of soil types which makes it a perfect wine making region.


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